The Oremus vineyards are in a continental climate, but it is exactly the
influence of the extremes of climate that help to develop an unrivalled
aromatic wealth in the different varieties of grape.
Nearly half of the estate's vineyards are Furmint, used to prepare the
Mandolás dry white wine and for the winery's different dessert wines.
The Hárslevelű (linden leaf) variety adds mildness and its delicate
floral tones, while the Sárga Muskotály (yellow Muscat) provides its
characteristic aromas to the Oremus Late Harvest wines. The Zéta grape, in turn, makes our wines more vigorous.
To honour the tradition, we are yet again growing some varieties that
were typical before the phylloxera arrived (1880s), which are the Kövérszőlő
(fat grape) and the Gohér, even though in a rather limited area.
When winter arrives in December, only the snow protects the vines
against the gruelling cold and bitter icy strong winds. The odd frost even happens in spring and can particularly affect the
vine stocks at the foot of the slopes. The heat arrives
suddenly in May and the grapes begin to quickly grow. Summer is hot, there is
relief from the initial sweltering heat with the rain in June and hail is not
uncommon in the summer thunderstorms. Then, August is usually
dry and warm. The long autumn is damp to start
off with, then turns dry, but nights are already turning chilly. The early morning frost is followed by warm and
sunny days, which frequently lasts until mid-November. The weather in autumn is thus ideal for magnificent grapes to form on
the vines. The rivers that flow through the
region, the varied relief due to the mountains, along with the diversity of
soils and the characteristics woodland mean that are significant microclimatic
differences between the different Oremus plots.
The harvest always begins with
the grapes for the Mandolás dry Furmint, when the fruit is already completely
ripened and the parts of the clusters of grapes exposed to the sun are even
overripe. We only pick whole bunches of grapes, that are healthy and golden
yellow in colour. We then wait for some
days, or even weeks, until the fruit is extremely ripe and that the Botrytis,
the noble rot, attacks the grape.
Taking advantage of the different
ripening time of the different grape varieties on the estate, we go from plot
to plot through the vineyards, and we look for bunches of grapes where parts of
the fruit show signs of being overripe and the other is infected by the noble
rot. A very rich, tasty and mellow
must is obtained from those bunches and is used to produce the Oremus Late
The noble berries are selected
one by one from the vine for the "Aszú" wine of tears. We use two containers
for the harvest: a smaller one for the
noble berries and a larger one for the remaining parts of the bunches of
grapes. We go from one vineyard to
another, as many times as necessary and with the number of grape pickers that
We rely on Tokaj's typical
climate, on the "Indian summer", which we call "the old ladies' summer" in
Hungary: the nights are cold, but the sun
still shines for some hours during the dry and windy days.